Transformation capacity


Transformation capacity is a measure that expresses the effectiveness and efficiency of altering the functional and physical characteristics of a building or its parts to meet changing needs and requirements.

At building level, transformation capacity reflects both technical and spatial aspects determining for example the feasibility and impact of functional building reconversions. At assembly level, transformation capacity expresses the effectiveness and efficiency of reconfiguring to meet new performance standards.


Both reuse potential and transformation capacity are measures of the reversibility of a building. Transformation capacity is nevertheless put forward as sub-function of reuse potential; if an assembly can be transformed more easily, its reuse potential is higher too.

At this moment, the implementation of the concept ‘reuse potential’ is under development. Therefore, the proposed definition will be detailed during the project.

Related terms

The Transformation Capacity Tool assesses the transformation capacity of buildings and building parts, and classifies them as having a high, medium and low transformation capacity.


Debacker W. and Manshoven S. (2016) Synthesis of the state-of-the-art BAMB report: Key barriers and opportunities for Materials Passports and Reversible Building Design in the current system. VITO.

Durmisevic E. (2006). Transformable building structures: design for disassembly as a way to introduce sustainable engineering to building design and construction (doctoral thesis). TUDelft.